Guinea Pig Breeds

Abyssinian Guinea Pigs

Abyssinian Guinea Pigs – A Complete Guide

Abyssinian Guinea Pig Life Span

Abyssinian guinea pigs usually live for around 5 to 7 years and possibly longer if they are healthy and strong.

Because Abyssinian pigs have a rough coat of fur curls, their hair tends to stand up all over their body, so they do need to be brushed and groomed regular.

Similar to the Himalayan Guinea Pig which prefer a cooler climate, Abyssinian guinea pigs don’t take well in the heat either.
But other than their need to stay cool and be groomed, they are a low-maintenance pet that is bold, friendly, lively and playful.

Abyssinian guinea pig are among the most popular and loved guinea pig breeds across the world. Abyssinian guinea pigs are not only popular pets but also used a lot in different pet shows.


Easily the most striking feature of Abyssinian guinea pigs is their physical appearance, particularly their fur coat. The guinea pig Abyssinian has a unique fur coat, with color patterns all across, also known as rosettes. These rosettes are perhaps the most recognizable feature is an Abyssinian guinea pig’s physical appearance, with a symmetrical pattern across the Abyssinian guinea pig’s entire body.

Origin Story

Despite popular belief, the Abyssinian guinea pig does not get its name from Abyssinia, the former name of Ethiopia. It was in fact named after Abyssinia after this particular breed of guinea pig found its way to Europe during the sixteenth century, with Europeans wanting to name it after a well-known country in an exotic faraway land. The actual origin story of this particular breed of a guinea pig is based in South America, from where this breed made its way to the rest of the world.

First pet

Abyssinian guinea pigs are quite popular as everyone’s first-ever pet in the USA. The reason is that Abyssinian breed do not require as much care as other breeds of guinea pigs, and are described as energetic and extremely lovable by pet owners and animal lovers.


Another interesting fact about the Abyssinian guinea pig is that they like to keep themselves clean, proving quite self-sufficient in that regard and only require baths if necessary. However, the unique appearance of the Guinea pig Abyssinian means that its fur coat requires extensive care and regular brushing in order to avoid any tangles or messes.


Besides being lovable, Guinea pig Abyssinian are also known for being energetic, with bold personalities and provide a wonderful shared experience for both adults and children in families to have certain common activities to do, by taking good care of their pet and looking after it properly.

Easy to Train

Abyssinian guinea pigs are also among the easiest guinea pig breeds to train. They are believed to have also originated from South America, in particular the Andes Mountain range, and can be found in all different kinds of terrains, such as mountains and forests. As per their zoological classification, the Abyssinian breed are considered to porcupines and chinchillas but distinct from other rodents such as rats and mice.


Even though originally the Guinea pig Abyssinian had a plain brown coat or grey fur in physical appearance, a number of different colors and physical characteristics, such as the trademark rosettes, were developed as the Abyssinian guinea pig were bred and cross-bred with other guinea pig varieties in captivity.

As mentioned previously, Abyssinian guinea pigs are a popular feature of pet shows everywhere, due to the rosettes and the unique physical appearance. However, the exact nature and appearance of these rosettes, such as their quantity and how clearly defined they are, ensure the level of success enjoyed by this particular breed in pet shows.

Guinea Pig Breeds

Himalayan Guinea Pigs

Himalayan Guinea Pigs- A Complete Guide

Himalayan guinea pigs are considered among the rarest and most unique varieties of guinea pigs in the world. Here are some of the things you need to know about Himalayan Guinea Pigs. The breed is considered an excellent pet that is relatively easier to look after, hence ideal even for young children.


Even though the breed is named after the Himalayas, one of the most iconic and famous mountainous regions in the world, located in Nepal in Asia.

The origins of this particular breed of the guinea pig are quite mysterious.

While some argue that this guinea pig breed originated from South East Asia, many believe that like most other guinea pig breeds, the Himalayan guinea pig can also trace its roots to South America.

The name has been given to this breed on account of its resemblance with the Siamese cat, also an Asian-origin breed of animal.


Interestingly enough, the Himalayan guinea pig is an albino breed of the animal, with white fur and pink eyes providing an interesting and unique physical experience.

With darker colours on the feet, nose, and other parts of the body.

Sensitive and Loving

As pets, Himalayan guinea pigs act like regular guinea pig breeds, requiring love, care, and attention while also having bold, energetic, and curious personalities.

However, a minor drawback is that Himalayan guinea pigs are easily frightened, which is a difficult trait to deal with in a pet.

Also, Himalayan guinea pigs are extremely social and thrive best in the company of other fellow guinea pigs.

Low-Maintenance Pets

They may also prove to be relatively low-maintenance pets.

Himalayan guinea pigs require their fur to be brushed maximum a couple of times a week in order to ensure all parasites or other issues are taken care of, while toenails need to clip regularly.


As true herbivores, the Himalayan guinea pig have a nutritional diet much similar to other guinea pig breeds, including plenty of different types of vegetables, and sometimes fruit.

Himalayan guinea pig also love eating hay as a major part of their diet, s arrangements must be made accordingly in the house.

Vitamin C

Himalayan guinea pigs, like other breeds, to suffer from some common health issues, particularly low vitamin C levels.

This must be dealt with not only using pellets but also ensuring the pet Himalayan guinea pig constantly consumes fresh vegetables high in vitamin C such as broccoli and other leafy greens.


As time progresses and the age of the Himalayan guinea pig increases, they develop shading around their eyes, also referred to as focuses.

This is another common trait shared with Siamese cats, apart from similarities in overall physical appearance. They also develop coloured patches of fur across their coat, called “points”, a few months into their lifespan. These “points” may change colour and appearance based on exposure to sunlight.

Skin problems

Himalayan guinea pigs also develop certain skin problems while also being conducive to parasites, which may cause great harm.

However, if their living space such as their cage is maintained thoroughly and kept clean.

Along with regular grooming activities such as brushing the fur coat and clipping toenails.

The chances of such health problems developing may be considerably reduced.

Guinea Pig Breeds

Texel Guinea Pig

Texel Guinea Pig – A Complete Guide

Texel Guinea Pigs Breed Guide

Texel Guinea Pig is an extremely interesting breed of a guinea pig, that have some very unique features and qualities that make them stand out from the rest of the conventional guinea pig breeds.

While many people may not know exactly what a Texel Guinea Pig is, since it is one of the relatively newer breeds of the guinea pig.

Special Appearance

Texel Guinea pigs are known for their special physical appearance, with longer, shinier, and coarser fur compared to other guinea pig breeds.

This aesthetic fur is the reason many Texel guinea pigs enjoy great success in pet beauty shows all across the world. Compared to other guinea pig breeds.

The Texel Guinea pig is not quite as energetic but has a more composed personality, which is complemented by a linking for hugs, cuddles, and plenty of attention.

Newest Breed

As mentioned before, the Texel Guinea Pig is among the newest and most recent guinea pig breeds seen worldwide.

This breed can trace its origins to Great Britain, where it was created in the 1980s.

When a British Rex breed was crossed with a Silkie breed.

Shirley Temple

The shiny and curly furs add to the aesthetic of the Texel Guinea Pig.

Having earned it the nickname of the “Shirley Temple” of guinea pig breeds.

Due to the similarity with famous American actress Shirley Temple.

Physical Appearance

The Texel Guinea pig is short and round in physical appearance, with these features also adding to the appeal enjoyed by this particular breed of guinea pig.


Texel Guinea Pigs are fun and loving, if taken care of and looked after properly from early childhood days.

But Despite being relatively less energetic compared to other breeds of guinea pig.

This breed of Guinea Pig is known to be naughtier and more mischievous compared to other varieties.

Texel Guinea Pig Grooming

Texel guinea pig grooming is a must due to their distinctive curly and shiny coat, these Guinea pigs require extensive and regular grooming to maintain their appearance.

Their fur coats must be brushed regularly every week so that it retains its shine and sparkle.

Texel guinea pigs need to checked on a regular basis, along with a bath once a month.


Since the fur coat is long and lush, it can also easily pick-up dirt, germs, and other unwanted problems.

For this reason, Texel guinea pigs must be handled with extra care, making sure that all of their living space. Making sure all bedding is thoroughly neat and clean.

Wet conditions also are a major problem for Texel Guinea pigs.

So it is essentially the best practice to keep them in a neat and tidy indoor space.

Where direct exposure to harsh sunlight or rain is not possible.

Since the Texel guinea pig is particularly prone to a number of physical health problems, extra care must be taken.

Plenty of water and hay make up most of the guinea pigs diet so of both these is absolutely essential.

Moreover, Texel guinea pigs require large amounts of Vitamin C through their diet in order to stay healthy.

This can be achieved through leafy greens and other Vitamin C- rich vegetables.

Food For Guinea Pigs

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Cucumbers

Can guinea pigs eat cucumbers. Guinea pigs need plenty of fiber. Cucumbers pose as a good vegetable choice as their skin is the most concentrated and fibrous part of it. Though not all seeds are good for them, cucumber is an exception. Cucumber seeds are safe for them to consume. Seeds of cucumber are very soft and moist so there is no chance of choking on anything. It also keeps them refreshed and they won’t feel dehydrated during the summer.

Can guinea pigs eat cucumber?

Can guinea pigs eat cucumbers. Cucumbers in the general pose as a vegetable that is full of nutritional value. They contain Vitamin C and Vitamin B. They are also full of calcium and phosphorous. The best part is that they are low in fat and calories and hence guinea pigs can consume cucumbers. But despite these many health benefits, do not replace cucumbers with their regular diet of pellets and veggies.

You can give them the entire slice of a baby cucumber but you will need to make strips of the big cucumber. This vegetable is low in sugar which is good for them. It has high water content. It is also low in Vitamin C so avoid giving them in large quantities. Feeding it four times a week is good. It is a good feeding option during summers due to its high water concentration. But avoid too much also. Excess of it can lead to diarrhea and even vomiting. They have a very sensitive stomach so too much could result in bloating, weight loss, and other sicknesses too.

What about the skin of the cucumber?

Yes, most certainly. But make sure that the skin doesn’t contain any wax or residues of pesticides. Otherwise, there is no harm and no need for peeling the skin of the cucumber. If you want to be more careful, peel the skin off.  But remember that majority of the nutrients are present within the skin. So give them in small quantities. Also, you can mix the cucumbers with other veggies to balance the diet.

A point to be noted is that do not replace cucumber slices with cucumber juice as they won’t be able to digest it properly leading to indigestion and an upset tummy.

Organic cucumbers would be a great option rather than the ones sold with pesticides on them. They are juicer and crunchy and these, pigs love them. One with pesticides can be harmful on many levels. At times, cucumbers might taste bitter. Avoid giving them those as such cucumbers have certain toxic substances which are very bad for the guinea pig’s health.

Clean up the cucumber that is leftover in the cage as bacteria can build upon it which is harmful to the pig’s health if they consume. Also do not give cucumber to a baby guinea pig. Introduce it only after it gets used to eating solid food.  

Cucumbers with their skin and seeds, in short, are a good option, given in moderation, for guinea pigs to maintain a good and healthy digestive system.

Food For Guinea Pigs

Guinea Pigs Food

Best Food For Guinea Pigs. Guinea pigs are a type of South American rodent but a domesticated species. It has a very robust body and like other rodents, it also has shorter limbs, a big head, eyes, and tiny ears. The feet have soles that are hairless and also claws that are quite sharp and short. Their fur has different colors and textures. Colors vary from white or even black and brown with variations and sometimes even a combined color pattern.  

What Do Guinea Pigs Eat

Human food, to begin with, is safe for these tiny cute creatures but this has its own set of restrictions too. Their daily food should include a lot more than just leftovers and scraps from our table.

Guinea pigs are complete vegetarians. Their diet is strictly confined to fruits and vegetables. Dairy products and meat are to be completely avoided. Mostly leafy vegetables and hay form the main part of their diet. These cavy pets need Vitamin C that they cannot produce on their own and it is very important for their health.

 Lack or deficiency of it may lead to them falling seriously ill with scurvy. They require around 30-50mgs per day. Vitamin C is required more by the young, ill, and pregnant section of guinea pigs. Vitamin C can be given to them via pellets, vegetables, fruits, or other supplements like tablets rich in this vitamin.

Their teeth are one part of their body that is always growing. That is why it is important to give them fibrous foods like hay or leafy veggies to chew on. Start with small portions to avoid indigestion issues. Leafy vegetables are a must and a very healthy option.

Pellets also are good for them but the amount they feed on needs to be restricted. If they are obese, they need to be given lesser pellets. Choose a good quality of pellets and avoid the ones with nuts, seeds, dry fruits, high sugar content, preservatives, and chemicals.

What Can Guinea Pigs Eat

Best food for guinea pigs. They are vegetable lovers more than fruits. But that doesn’t mean that we cannot give them fruits to eat. These make great supplements for them. You can easily use them as treats too to help with their bonding and training. The following are good choices of vegetables and fruits for a healthy diet to consume which includes:

What Guinea Pigs eat is highly dependent on what you give and when you give. A systematic feeding schedule needs to be made for them otherwise they will keep overeating whenever they can. Feed them in the morning and in the evening. Water needs to be provided for them too. Make sure the water isn’t stale but fresh, filtered, and chlorine-free.

They are prone to heatstroke during the summers so keep the water ready for them in a bottle through which they can easily drink. Wash and keep the bottle clean. The bottles that come with a metal spout is ideal for these creatures. Also, don’t forget to clean the spout as It can gather algae.

Food for guinea pigs. Treats should be given occasionally. The number of treats shouldn’t exceed the actual diet. Some treats may contain sweeteners and coloring so read the contents before purchasing them.

Guinea pig’s fun time is a pleasure to watch and you can give them blocks, balls, and toys, or even chew sticks. They play with these and also won’t get bored easily. Don’t get it toys or balls that are larger than its size or the ones it can chew and eat pieces of.  

With the right diet and growth, a regular guinea pig can live up to eight years. It’s also advisable to take them to a vet annually for a check-up. 

Fruits For Guinea Pigs


A few bites of bananas as an occasional treat are great for your guinea pigs. However, bananas contain a high sugar content which might lead them to gain weight which is harmful to your furry pet.


Another one of the top search queries include: Can Guinea Pigs eat strawberry? Well as far as small amounts are concerned, you are good to go. Strawberries can be fed as an occasional treat with the leaves. But be careful, the excess sugar in strawberries might cause your tiny furballs to put on extra weight, which is very detrimental to their health.

Vegetables For Guinea Pigs


Can Guinea pigs eat cucumbers? This is one of the most common questions regarding the diet of this animal and the answer is: Yes, they can.

You can feed the entire cucumber to guinea pigs including the flesh, seeds, and skin raw. This is one of the most nutritious foods for your tiny fur ball. Raw cucumbers contain Vitamin C which is included in their daily dietary needs. Some people use pellets as supplements but incorporating them in their food is okay too.

Green Peppers

This is one of the best foods you can give your Guinea pigs! And bonus: they love it too.

You can give a slice of either green or red bell peppers to your cuddly animals daily. However, be mindful to remove the seeds first. It is one of the best fresh vegetables for them and one that is easily available everywhere.


Kale is another favorite choice for your fur ball. Kale stems and flowers both can be fed to them as part of a balanced diet. However, you have to properly wash the kale first and make sure it is fresh enough.


This is another vegetable that your little hamsters are sure to love. Parsley is a great source of vitamins needed by your animal. So, you can feed them up to 3 times a week. The fiber content is great for your animal and Guinea pigs to love it too.


Leafy greens such as lettuce, or kale are ideal food choices for Guinea pigs. They contain plenty of fiber along with vitamin C to keep them well-nourished and active. Also, they contain balanced calories so your animals don’t put on excess weight. However, only Romaine lettuce is suitable for Guinea pigs. Don’t feed them iceberg lettuce as the watery vegetable can cause diarrhea, which might even kill your animal

What Guinea Pigs Cant Eat


Although tomatoes are a great source of vitamin C, they are certainly not a good choice for your Guinea pigs. If the tomatoes aren’t ripened properly, some compounds in them are poisonous to these animals. This is due to its small size. For humans, the small quantities of these compounds aren’t that threatening given their size.

Also, never feed the tomato leaves or stem to your animal. It contains the bulk of these poisonous compounds which can seriously harm the Guinea pigs.


Ever heard your mum say that greenish potatoes are harmful to health?

Well, potatoes contain an alkaloid that is present in huge quantities in the green potatoes. Although humans are okay with eating small quantities of this alkaloid, it is fairly toxic to guinea pigs.


Although onions are rich in vitamin C, they are one of the most poisonous vegetables for your Guinea pigs. It can cause some serious harm to your animal. The high concentration of disulphides and thiosulphates is toxic to guinea pigs even in the tiniest amounts. So, always steer clear of onions when feeding your animal.


The pepsin content in an avocado is very toxic to your Guinea pig. Other than that, they are rich in fats which aren’t that great for them either. So, it is a good idea to avoid it entirely.


This might sound like a no-brainer, but we had to put it out there for some of you: chocolate is a big no-no when it comes to Guinea pigs. As are many biscuits, and candies. Although some digestive biscuits might be okay in very small amounts and occasionally

So, steer clear of potatoes whether or not they are green as even good potatoes have enough alkaloids to kill your Guinea pigs.

Avoid foods like onions, garlic, coconuts, raisins, potatoes, corn, and bits of chocolates. Keep hay and veggies available for them daily. These grazers keep munching on them constantly. Make sure to keep their cage and food bowl clean

Fill the bowls with fresh food and water daily. Besides natural foods, you can also purchase food from the store or pet shops. The best pet shop food is pellets and hay. But be sure to purchase the food that is specially formulated for them only.

Guinea Pig Hay

Hay should always be available for them. It needs to be fresh and a regular part of their staple diet. The hay needs to have rich quality and clean along with being dry, sweet-smelling, and completely free from any kind of mold. It should also not be too hard or full of straw.

Meadow hay and orchard hay are good choices. Avoid hay that has large levels of protein and calcium as this can lead to them getting stones. Chewing on hay continuously will help in their teeth development and also in their overall health. Keep the hay stacked in a big box or container. Keep an eye that it doesn’t fall onto the ground or cage as it can turn bad or get contaminated. If the guinea pig feeds on the bad hay, it can lead to intestinal problems.

Final Thoughts

So, above is a list of good and bad foods for your Guinea pigs. Although some foods might be okay for daily consumption, don’t forget to introduce variety. Your Guinea pigs need a balanced diet that includes different types of food.

Guinea Pig Accessories

Guinea Pig Accessories

Guinea Pig Accessories